DNA Transcription and Translation
How does the genetic information in the DNA gets turned into fully functioned protein?
DNA ——————–> mRNA ———————-> Functional protein = enzymes, hormones
This is the process of genetic information in the DNA gets turned into fully functioned protein. Transcription is the first type of gene expression (Wikipedia). DNA is copied to RNA by an enzyme. First, Helicase comes in and unwinds and unzips the DNA. RNA polymerase attaches the free RNA Nucleotides to the mother strand of the DNA. Then the single stranded mRNA is formed and the next process happens which is translation.
Translation is the process is the process through which cellular ribosomes manufacture proteins, in which messenger RNA (mRNA) is sequentially decoded by transfer RNA (tRNA) (Wikipedia).